The village of Vinci was the place where Leonardo lived during his childhood and early youth. Here stood the home of his grandfather Antonio and of his father, the notary ser Piero da Vinci. In the village, below the bulky mass of the fortress of the Counts Guidi, Leonardo’s family managed the public mill powered by the waters of the rio castellano (castle stream). Next to the mill stood a building that was rented by the youngest of Leonardo's half-brothers, Giovanni, and converted into a “tavern and butcher shop”. This point for refreshment in the village was used mainly by people who were passing by Vinci, on their way up toward the Montalbano passes. To make a butcher shop work, an exercise for the slaughter and sale of meat, it was necessary to have a stream nearby, though for this purpose, the da Vinci family could make use of the channel for the nearby municipal mill they were managing. Some investments made by the da Vinci family into activities linked to refreshment along the travel route over the Montalbano road had already been initiated by Leonardo's father toward the end of the 15th century, and concerned the Anchiano property. Among the houses of the “little farm” he had bought a few years earlier in Anchiano, one was in ruins, while the second, a "chasa da oste" (innkeeper’s house), was under renovation. These were the buildings acquired by the da Vinci family in 1482, known today as Leonardo's Birth House, which had been operating for some time as a place for resting. It is here, in fact, that, years before, Leonardo’s grandfather was constrained to interrupt a game at the table, an out and out "tavern" game, in order to draw up a contract. Also present were two messengers in passing from the Republic of Florence, who had stopped at the tavern at Anchiano, along the road toward the Montalbano passes. From the ridge it was possible to descend toward Bacchereto, the small village Leonardo must have frequented during his youth, and where his paternal grandmother's family lived.