Vinci, included in the territory of Montalbano, is the birthplace of Leonardo.
From the heights of Montalbano, between Golfolina (at the confluence of the Ombrone Pistoiese and the Arno) and Serravalle Pistoiese, Leonardo, traversing the ridge from Artimino to San Giusto and from Sant’Alluccio to Monsummano (RL 12277, RL 12685; Madrid Ms. II f. 23r with the itinerary Vinci-Serravalle-Pistoia-Poggio a Caiano and measurement of the distances to the foot of western Montalbano), observed the Val di Nievole and the Padule di Fucecchio, drawing them in the "Landscape of August 5, 1473". From this excellent observation point he also studied the Florence-Prato-Pistoia plain and the course of the Arno between Signa and Fucecchio for the Florence Canal (up to 1513). From the town of Vinci Leonardo traversed Montalbano to arrive at Pistoia, where his aunt Violante lived, or to Bacchereto, where his paternal grandmother's kiln was located, and from where he could reach Florence.
Between 1506 and 1508, on folio 9A-9r of the Codex Leicester, Leonardo wrote:
«In the great Arno valley, above Golfolina, a rock in ancient times joined with Monte Albano in the form of a very high river bank; (which) kept that river running through a gorge so that, before it poured into the sea, which was found further on at the foot of said rock, formed 2 great lakes, the first of which is the one used today by the city of Florence, as well as Prato and Pistoja; and Monte Albano followed the rest of the river bank as far as the place where Serravalle is found today […]».
Artimino • Bacchereto • Capraia • Carmignano • Castellina • Castra • Cecina • Collegonzi • Lamporecchio • Larciano • Monsummano Alto • Montemagno • Montevettolini • Poggio a Caiano • San Giusto di Carmignano • Sant'Ansano • Serravalle Pistoiese • Tizzana • Torre Sant'Alluccio • Verghereto • Vinci • Vitolini