A scientific museum such as the Paleontological Museum of Empoli offers multiple insights into our planet, through collections of fossils, reconstructions, and educational tools, and a closer look at the Tuscany area and the Valdarno. The museum itinerary is divided into five rooms. The "Earth Sciences" room is dedicated to the paleontological discipline, or what fossils are and how a paleontologist works. After the hall of "Geological Eras", which traces the main stages of the formation of life on land, the "Hall of the Pliocene in Tuscany" informs us about when this sector of the Valdarno was entirely covered by sea water. The room on the "Evolution of Man" illustrates the climatic and environmental changes of the last geological eras and the appearance of man. An impressive life-size diorama depicts a struggle between two dinosaurs.