Badia a Passignano
By 'Pasignano', Leonardo indicates Badia a Passignano, in the Commune of Tavarnelle Val di Pesa.
Castello delle Stinche
Leonardo represents and indicates, between Panzano, Gaiole and Radda, the castle of the Stinche, no longer existing today, in the Commune of Greve in Chianti. Coordinates taken at Stinche Basse.
Leonardo draws, on maps RL 12277 and 12278, as well as in Madrid Ms. II (f. 16r), the river Greve, which flows through the Communes of Florence, Greve in Chianti, Impruneta, San Casciano Val di Pesa, and Scandicci. Coordinates taken at the point of confluence with the Arno, in the vicinity of Mantignano. In the countryside around Greve, legend has it that Leonardo painted the 'Mona Lisa' now in the Louvre. It is a historical fact that the family of Monna Lisa Gherardini, the wife of Francesco del Giocondo, owned property there.
Impruneta (basilica di Santa Maria)
By 'Santa Maria Inpruneta', Leonardo indicates the Basilica of Santa Maria in the centre of Impruneta.
Leonardo represents and indicates the stronghold of Lamole, in the Commune of Greve in Chianti.
Leonardo represents with many details the castle of Lucardo, in the Commune of Montespertoli. A centre of notable interest already in Lombard and Carolingian times, it was severely damaged by Florentine troops subsequent to the Battle of Montaperti.
Leonardo indicates Mercatale in the Commune of San Casciano Val di Pesa.
By 'Monte Ficalle', Leonardo indicates the stronghold of today's Monte Fioralle, in the Commune of Greve in Chianti.
Leonardo represents and indicates the castle of Montegufoni, in the Commune of Montespertoli. The property of the Acciaioli family, and then of Florence, it stands on the Via Volterrana, between Val di Pesa and the course of the Virginio, toward Valdelsa.
By "Spertoli", Leonardo indicates the castle of Montespertoli, which grew up along the Via Volterrana after the middle of the 15th century, when the market was moved there from San Piero, along with the seat of the Podestà.
Panzano in Chianti
By "Pansano", Leonardo represents and indicates the castle of Panzano, in the Commune of Greve in Chianti. Recorded since the year One Thousand, it was for centuries the most populous centre in the Val di Greve League, enclosed in walls of semi-rectangular shape. Integrated into the castle, the church of Santa Maria Assunta was rebuilt in the 14th century. In the surroundings, notable is the Pieve of San Leolino with a sixteenth-century "Baptism" inspired by that of Verrocchio-Leonardo in the Uffizi and attributed to Raffaellino del Garbo.
Leonardo represents and indicates the stronghold of Rignana, in the Commune of Greve in Chianti.
Leonardo represents and indicates the castle of Sambuca, in the Commune of Tavarnelle Val di Pesa. The town grew up near the Romanesque bridge over which the Pesa river could be crossed.
San Casciano in Val di Pesa
Leonardo represents and indicates the castle of San Casciano in Val di Pesa, one of the main centres on the ancient Via Cassia. In the surroundings is found Albergaccio, an estate owned by Leonardo's good friend, Niccolò Machiavelli, who retired here in 1513 after the return of the Medici to Florence, where he had been, among other things, Secretary General of the Republic. It was during his exile in his villa of Sant'Andrea in Percussina, near San Casciano, that Machiavelli wrote "Il Principe".
San Donato in Poggio
Leonardo represents and indicates the stronghold of San Donato in Poggio, in the Commune of Barberino Tavarnelle, a locality related to the Louvre 'Mona Lisa' for some property owned here by the family of Monna Lisa Gherardini.
By 'Vergingno', Leonardo represents the Virginio, which flows through Montelupo Fiorentino, Montespertoli, San Casciano and Tavarnelle in Val di Pesa. Coordinates taken at Ginestra Fiorentina, at the confluence with the Pesa.