Abbadia a Isola
Leonardo represents and indicates Abbadia a Isola, in the Commune of Monteriggioni, in the vicinity of which - on the hills where the Elsa has its source - he also represents Santa Giulia (or Giusta) and Montecatini of Siena.
Cacchiano (Castle of)
Leonardo represents and indicates the castle of Cacchiano (in the Commune of Gaiole in Chianti), where the Ricasoli da Cacchiano family had resided since the 12th century.
Castellina in Chianti
By 'Castelina', Leonardo indicates Castellina in Chianti, a locality linked to his archaeological studies for the drawing of a 'Mausoleum' now found in the Cabinet de Dessin of the Louvre. The drawing shows an interior with ceiling built of tiers of projecting slabs resembling the Etruscan tumulus discovered on January 29, 1507 near Castellina.
During Medicean domination, the castle of Brolio, in the Commune of Gaiole in Chianti, was furnished with bastions and guard towers built to the project of Giuliano da Sangallo. Long contended by Siena and Florence, at the time of Leonardo, in 1484, it had returned to Florentine domination.
By 'Chastiglione', Leonardo indicates Castiglioni, in the Commune of Colle Val d'Elsa.
Cerreto del Chianti
The stronghold of Cerreto del Chianti, in the Commune of Castelnuovo Berardenga, constituted, along with other fortifications, the Sienese system of defence against the Florentines.
Gaiole in Chianti
Leonardo represents and indicates the castle of Gaiole in Chianti, important since the Middle Ages as a market town and as the capital of a 'terziere' (third part of a town) in the Chianti League. It was a Florentine stronghold from the middle of the 15th century in the wars against Siena. In the Codex Arundel, Leonardo mentions around 1504 Michelangelo da Viviano da Gaiole (in Chianti), goldsmith for Lorenzo the Magnificent and for the Tournament of Giuliano de' Medici in 1475. Notable in the surroundings is the Pieve of Santa Maria a Spaltenna.
By 'Laleccia', Leonardo indicates the stronghold of Leccia, today a farm in the Commune of Castellina in Chianti.
Leonardo draws, on maps RL 12278 (twice) and RL 12277, the course of the Pesa river, which starts in the Commune of Greve in Chianti and flows through the Communes of Radda and Castellina in Chianti, Tavarnelle and San Casciano in Val di Pesa, Scandicci, Lastra a Signa and Montelupo Fiorentino, where the coordinate were taken at its confluence with the Arno.
Leonardo represents and indicates the stronghold of Pietrafitta, in the Commune of Castellina in Chianti.
Radda in Chianti
Leonardo represents and indicates the castle of Radda in Chianti, on the hill that forms a watershed between the Val di Pesa and the Val d'Arbia. Already around the year One Thousand, it was one of the estates owned by the Badia Fiorentina. It was the capital of the Chianti League from 1384.
Leonardo represents and indicates the stronghold of Rencine, in the Commune of Castellian in Chianti.
San Fedele a Paterno
Leonardo represents and indicates the stronghold of San Fedele a Paterno, in the Commune of Radda in Chianti, a zone of great archaeological interest, where excavations have been conducted since 1972.
Leonardo represents and indicates the stronghold of San Leonino, in the Commune of Castellina in Chianti, also recalled for the Romanesque Pieve of San Leonino in Conio.
San Polo in Chianti
Leonardo represents and indicates the Romanesque Pieve and the stronghold of San Polo (a locality in Greve in Chianti).
Leonardo represents and indicates the oval-shaped castle of Vertine with its turret, in the Commune of Gaiole in Chianti.
Leonardo represents and indicates the stronghold of Volpaia, in the Commune of Radda in Chianti, the town from which the Della Volpaia came. To this family belonged Lorenzo, goldsmith, mathematician and clock-maker who became famous for constructing the Planetary Clock commissioned of him by Lorenzo the Magnificent, and who participated, in 1504, in the discussions for deciding where to place Michelangelo's 'David. His son, Benvenuto, transcribed a series of his father's technological notes in the Codex Marciano.